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Perennials

Type Botanical Name Common Name Description Height Light Req. Zone Add to My List
Perennial PRIMULA vulgaris ‘Belarina Valentine’ English Primrose

A vigorous strain from England with double blue-violet flowers like little roses in early spring.  Petals are edged in white.

6-8 inches Part Shade 4
Perennial PRIMULA ‘Wanda Dark Pink’ Primrose

Salmon pink flowers in early spring over dark bronzy green foliage.

6-8 inches Part Shade 4
Perennial PRIMULA ‘Wanda Raspberry Red’ Primrose

This strain with flowers in shades of dark pink, raspberry red and scarlet over bronzy green foliage.

6-8 inches Part Shade 4
Perennial PRIMULA ‘Wanda Yellow’ Primrose

This strain with flowers in shades of yellow and gold over bronzy green foliage.

6-8 inches Part Shade 4
Perennial PRIMULA x bullesiana Candelabra Primrose

Cross between P. bulleyana and P. beesiana. Tiers of yellow, orange, or pink flowers.

22-24 inches Part Shade 4
Perennial PULMONARIA ‘Shrimps on the Barbie’ Lungwort

A wide-spreading cultivar from Terra Nova with large deep pink flowers in early spring.  Leaves are speckled with silver.

10-12 inches Part Shade/Shade 3
Perennial PULMONARIA ‘Silver Bouquet’ Lungwort

Heavily silvered leaves with early spring flowers of pink and blue.

10-12 inches Part Shade/Shade 3
Perennial PULMONARIA ‘Trevi Fountain’ Lungwort

Cobalt blue flowers in very early spring over silver-speckled foliage.

10-12 inches Part Shade/Shade 3
Perennial PULSATILLA vulgaris ‘Violet Bells’ Pasque Flower

One of the earliest bloomers; dark blue bell-shaped flowers Apr-May. Gray ferny foliage. Lovely seed heads.

8-10 inches Sun 4
Perennial PYCNANTHEMUM muticum Clustered Mountain Mint

Mint-scented foliage topped by silver bracts and pink flowers in summer.

2-3 feet Sun/Part Shade 4
Perennial PYCNANTHEMUM tenuifolium Slender Mountain Mint

A plant native to dry prairies and roadsides with very narrow mint-scented foliage.  Clusters of small white flowers appear mid to late summer.

2-3 feet Sun/Part Shade 4
Perennial RHEUM palmatum ‘Tanguticum’ Ornamental Rhubarb

Large leaves veined and reversed purple. Spikes of rosy flowers in spring. Moist sites.

5-6 feet Sun/Part Shade 4
Perennial RODGERSIA henrici ‘Cherry Blush’ Rodger’s Flower

This plant forms large clumps of dramatic, quilted foliage. Green leaves sport bronze hues in cooler spring and fall temperatures. Tall panicles of pink flowers in late spring.

30-36 inches Part Shade 4
Perennial RODGERSIA pinnata ‘Superba’ Rodger's Flower

Bold pinnately compound to palmate leaves tinged with red in the spring.  Plumes of pink flowers in midsummer.

3-4 feet Part Shade/Shade 4
Perennial RODGERSIA podophylla Rodger’s Flower

Large, glossy palmate leaves with jagged edges. Creamy white flowers.

22-24 inches Part Shade/Shade 4
Perennial RODGERSIA podophylla Bronze Form Rodger's Flower

New growth is dark chocolate on this cultivar.  Typical jagged-edged, palmate foliage and white flowers.

22-24 inches Part Shade/Shade 4
Perennial RODGERSIA podophylla ‘Rotlaub’ Rodger's Flower

New growth is dark chocolate and the color holds longer than other cultivars.  Typical jagged-edged, palmate foliage and white flowers.

22-24 inches Part Shade/Shade 4
Perennial ROSULARIA sedoides ‘Alba’ Rosularia

Small, green, pink-flushed rosettes with short sprays of white flowers in early summer.

2-4 inches Sun 5
Perennial RUDBECKIA ‘American Gold Rush’ Black-eyed Susan

A long-blooming, floriferous hybrid resistant to leaf spot.  It’s covered with a dome of golden daisy flowers from July to September.

22-26 inches Sun 4
Perennial RUDBECKIA fulgida ‘Deami’ Black-Eyed Susan

Similar to R. ‘Goldstrum’ with slightly smaller golden yellow blooms and taller habit.

30-36 inches Sun 4
Perennial RUDBECKIA fulgida ‘Little Goldstar’ Black-Eyed Susan

A more compact form of the species with masses of golden “Susans” on a well-branched plant. Blooms from midsummer to early fall.

14-16 inches Sun 3
Perennial RUDBECKIA fulgida var. speciosa ‘Prairie Blaze’ Black-Eyed Susan

A very floriferous, more compact variety with golden yellow blooms in the summer.

14-16 inches Sun 4
Perennial RUDBECKIA maxima Great Coneflower

Large, silver-blue leaves. Late, light yellow flowers and very large brown cones. Looks like something out of Dr. Suess!

6-7 feet Sun 4
Perennial RUDBECKIA subtomentosa ‘Little Henry’ Sweet Coneflower

Numerous light yellow daisies with rolled, quill-like petals on strong upright stems in late summer.  Shorter and less floppy than similar R. ‘Henry Eilers’.

3-4 feet Sun 4
Perennial RUDBECKIA triloba ‘Blackjack Gold’ Brown-Eyed Susan

Small numerous yellow flower heads with black disks in late summer.  Longer blooming and more long-lived than the species.

36-42 inches Sun 4
Perennial RUDBECKIA triloba ‘Prairie Glow’ Brown-eyed Susan

Vibrant red-orange petals have bright yellow tips. Well-branched plants have green leaves on sturdy bronzy purple stems

3-4 feet Sun 4
Perennial SAGINA subulata Irish Moss

Very tight dark green moss-like foliage, tiny white flowers. Not a true moss.

2-4 inches Sun/Part Shade 4
Perennial SAGINA subulata ‘Aurea’ Gold Irish Moss

Bright gold-green mats of tight moss-like foliage. White flowers. Best foliage color with morning sun and afternoon shade.

2-4 inches Sun/Part Shade 4
Perennial SALVIA ‘Madeline’ Meadow Sage

Discovered by Piet Oudolf. Stunning bicolor flowers of violet-blue and white in early summer. Cut back to encourage rebloom.

28-32 inches Sun 4
Perennial SALVIA ‘Pink Dawn’ Meadow Sage

Spires of candy pink flowers from magenta buds on purple stems from late spring into summer.  Aromatic, rugose green foliage forms a bushy mound.

16-20 inches Sun 4
Perennial SALVIA pratensis ‘Ballerina Pink’ Meadow Sage

Large, soft pink hooded flowers from deep mauve calyxes in early summer.  Bushy habit.  From Walters Gardens ‘Fashionista’ collection.

18-20 inches Sun 4
Perennial SALVIA pratensis ‘Midnight Model’ Meadow Sage

Large, striking violet-purple flowers in early summer on a bushy dense plant.  From Walters Gardens ‘Fashionista’ collection.

22-24 inches Sun 4
Perennial SALVIA pratensis ‘Sweet Esmerelda’ Meadow Sage

Striking, hooded deep pink flowers on long stems in June over crinkled green foliage.  Will rebloom if cut back.

18-20 inches Sun 4
Perennial SALVIA pratensis ‘Twilight Serenade’ Meadow Sage

Striking, hooded deep violet flowers on long stems in June over crinkled green foliage.  Will rebloom if cut back.

18-20 inches Sun 4
Perennial SALVIA verticillata ‘Endless Love’ Lilac Sage

An improved S. ‘Purple Rain’ with more blooms in a lighter shade of purple in early summer. Cutting back will encourage longer blooming.

14-20 inches Sun 4
Perennial SALVIA x superba ‘Blue Marvel’ Meadow Sage

This cultivar of S. x superba has the largest flowers!  Blue violet spikes in early summer with some repeat bloom if cut back.

10-12 inches Sun 4
Perennial SALVIA x superba ‘Burgundy Candles’ Meadow Sage

Spikes of burgundy buds open to violet flowers framed in burgundy calyxes.

26-28 inches Sun 4
Perennial SALVIA x superba ‘Carradonna’ Meadow Sage

Tall dark purple stems and intense blue-violet flowers. Long bloom time starting in late spring.

22-24 inches Sun 4
Perennial SALVIA x superba ‘Perfect Profusion’ Meadow Sage

Spikes of icy blue flowers on a rounded compact plant.  Will rebloom consistently if deadheaded.

16-20 inches Sun 4
Perennial SALVIA x superba ‘Rose Marvel’ Meadow Sage

Like S. ‘Blue Marvel’ but with rose pink blooms!

10-12 inches Sun 4
Perennial SANGUISORBA canadensis Canadian Burnet

Handsome pinnate foliage and 8″ long, white bottlebrush-like flowers in fall.

3-4 feet Sun/Part Shade 4
Perennial SANGUISORBA hakusanensis ‘Lilac Squirrel’ Japanese Burnet

Lavender-pink nodding bottle-brush flowers on 30” stems in summer.  Attractive gray-green pinnate foliage.

20-30 inches Sun/Part Shade 4
Perennial SANGUISORBA ‘Little Angel’ Burnet

Small red bottle-brush flowers in midsummer over tidy green and white variegated foliage.

1-2 feet Sun/Part Shade 4
Perennial SANGUISORBA menziesii ‘Dali Marble’ Burnet

Maroon bottlebrush-like flowers in summer over blue-green toothed foliage edged in white. Excellent for moist soils.

3-4 feet Sun/Part Shade 4
Perennial SANGUISORBA officinalis ‘Tanna’ Burnet

Wine colored bottlebrush flowers on 18” stems above finely cut blue-green foliage. Good for cutting. Prefers a moist site.

16-18 inches Sun/Part Shade 4
Perennial SANGUISORBA tenuifolia ‘Alba’ White Burnet

Small white bottle-brush flowers on tall stems in late summer.  Best in moist sites.

4-6 feet Sun/Part Shade 4
Perennial SAPONARIA ocymoides Soapwort

Vigorous mat-forming plant with prolific bright pink flowers in May.

6-8 inches Sun 3
Perennial SARUMA henryi Upright Chinese Ginger

A Chinese ginger relative with downy heart-shaped leaves and light yellow spring blooms.

22-24 inches Part Shade 5
Perennial SAXIFRAGA arendsii ‘Touran Red’ Mossy Saxifrage

Selected for its longer bloom time and heat tolerance. Small red flowers and compact habit. Mossy green foliage.

3-6 inches Sun/Part Shade 4
Perennial SAXIFRAGA virginiensis Early Saxifrage

Native with small white fragrant flowers. The blooms emerge in clusters on hairy stalks in early spring over rosettes of oval foliage.  Found on cliffs and rocky slopes.

6-10 inches Part Shade 4