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Conifers

Type Botanical Name Common Name Description Height Light Req. Zone Add to My List
Conifer PICEA abies ‘Acrocona’ Norway Spruce

A slower-growing upright form with large cones upright on the branch ends. Forms a broad pyramid.

Intermediate (6-12 inches/year)6-12 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA abies ‘Aurea Magnifica’ Golden Norway Spruce

A slow-growing conifer with a dense, pyramidal form. Needles are golden and especially glow in the winter.

Dwarf (3-6 inches/year)3-6 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA abies ‘Blaze’ Norway Spruce

Brilliant red new growth like P. ‘Rubra Spicata’, but the habit is more compact.

Intermediate (6-12 inches/year)6-12 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA abies ‘Clanbrassiliana Stricta’ Norway Spruce

Beautifully compact pyramidal form like a miniature Christmas tree.

Intermediate (6-12 inches/year)6-12 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA abies ‘Cobra’ Weeping Norway Spruce

An Iseli introduction with pendulous, snake-like branches.

Large (over 12 inches/year)over 12 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA abies ‘Cranstonii Pendula’ Snake Norway Spruce

A cultivar with strong leader and widely spaced horizontal branches that become pendulous.

Large (over 12 inches/year)over 12 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA abies ‘Cupressina’ Norway Spruce

Dense and narrow this is a great conifer where space is limited. Grows 20 feet tall, but only 5 feet wide in 20 years.

Large (over 12 inches/year)over 12 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA abies ‘Farnsburg’ Weeping Norway Spruce

A weeping cultivar with short green needles and denser habit than P. abies ‘Pendula’.

Dwarf (3-6 inches/year)3-6 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA abies ‘Formanek’ Weeping Norway Spruce

Prostrate, in time forming a dense carpet. May be trained up to weep down.

Dwarf (3-6 inches/year)3-6 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA abies ‘Gold Drift’ Weeping Norway Spruce

A gold-needled weeping cultivar!  Stake for height.

Intermediate (6-12 inches/year)6-12 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA abies ‘Gregoryana Parsonii’ Dwarf Norway Spruce

An especially slow growing form with an irregular mounding habit.

Dwarf (3-6 inches/year)3-6 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA abies ‘Hildburghausen’ Dwarf Norway Spruce

A very tight-growing globe-shaped form with dark green needles.  Wider than tall with age.

Dwarf (3-6 inches/year)3-6 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA abies ‘Lanham Beehive’ Dwarf Norway Spruce

The glaucous needles are longer and thicker than other dwarf Norway spruce. Twigs cinnamon-colored. Forms a compact mound.

Dwarf (3-6 inches/year)3-6 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA abies ‘Lilliput’ Dwarf Norway Spruce

A very dense bun with bright green foliage.

Miniature (less than 3 inches/year)Less than 3 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA abies ‘Little Gem’ Dwarf Norway Spruce

Very dwarf dense bun, sport of P. a. ‘Nidiformis’. Protect from winter sun.

Miniature (less than 3 inches/year)Less than 3 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA abies ‘Obergaertner Bruns’ Dwarf Norway Spruce

A cultivar that forms a dense pyramid of dark green needles.

Miniature (less than 3 inches/year)Less than 3 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA abies ‘Paul’s Select’ Norway Spruce

A blue-needled Norway spruce!  It grows into a dense pyramid.

Large (over 12 inches/year)over 12 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA abies ‘Pendula’ Weeping Norway Spruce

Very pendulous branches, must be staked to obtain height desired. Always a much admired specimen.

Large (over 12 inches/year)over 12 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA abies ‘Perry’s Gold’ Gold Norway Spruce

Gold new growth fading to green on a conical dwarf.

Dwarf (3-6 inches/year)3-6 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA abies ‘Pumila’ Dwarf Norway Spruce

Globose habit when young, spreading with age, but maintains rounded form. Very dark green. A good alternative to spreading yews.

Dwarf (3-6 inches/year)3-6 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA abies ‘Pusch’ Dwarf Norway Spruce

A slow-growing cultivar with a dwarf mounding habit. Attractive red-purple cones are held on the tips of the branches.

Dwarf (3-6 inches/year)3-6 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA abies ‘Repens’ Dwarf Norway Spruce

Dwarf procumbent form with branches layered from the middle of the plant.

Dwarf (3-6 inches/year)3-6 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA abies ‘Rotenhausii’ Weeping Norway Spruce

A very narrow, weeping form that does not need staking.  Typical dark green foliage.

Large (over 12 inches/year)over 12 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA abies ‘Soft Mountain’ Dwarf Norway Spruce

Horizontal branches gives this cultivar a layered look.  Forms a broad pyramid.

Dwarf (3-6 inches/year)3-6 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA abies ‘Tabuliformis’ Dwarf Norway Spruce

A flat-topped cultivar with a layered branch habit.  Grows wider than tall.

Dwarf (3-6 inches/year)3-6 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA abies ‘Tompa’ Dwarf Norway Spruce

Adorable little dwarf with irregular. pyramidal habit. Great for the rock garden or trough.

Miniature (less than 3 inches/year)Less than 3 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA abies ‘Vermont Gold’ Dwarf Norway Spruce

A prostrate gold foliage form selected by Greg Williams.

Dwarf (3-6 inches/year)3-6 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA asperata ‘China Blue’ Dragon Spruce

The Chinese equivalent of the Norway spruce. This is a striking blue foliage form.

Large (over 12 inches/year)over 12 feet in ten years. Sun 3
Conifer PICEA breweriana ‘Emerald Midget’ Brewer's Spruce

A slow-growing upright form of the lovely Brewer’s spruce introduced by Buchholz nursery.  Lovely blue-green needles on a dense, compact pyramid.  Not sure how this will fair in Vermont, but we’re going to try it.

Dwarf (3-6 inches/year)3-6 feet in ten years. Sun 5
Conifer PICEA engelmannii ‘Bush’s Lace’ Engelmann Spruce

An upright form with pendulous branches and attractive blue-gray foliage.

Large (over 12 inches/year)over 12 feet in ten years. Sun 4
Conifer PICEA engelmannii ‘Compacta’ Dwarf Engelmann Spruce

Dwarf conical plant with glaucous blue foliage.

Dwarf (3-6 inches/year)3-6 feet in ten years. Sun 4
Conifer PICEA engelmannii ‘Fritsche’ Engelmann Spruce

A blue foliage form with pendulous branches.

Large (over 12 inches/year)over 12 feet in ten years. Sun 3
Conifer PICEA engelmannii ‘Hexenbesen Jasper’ Dwarf Engelman Spruce

Cute blue-green irregular bun-shaped miniature. Hard to find cultivar! Good rock garden specimen.

Miniature (less than 3 inches/year)Less than 3 feet in ten years. Sun 3
Conifer PICEA glauca ‘Burkwitch’ White Spruce

Yellow-green foliage with lots of cones at the tips.  Not much more info than that and a guess on the size.

Intermediate (6-12 inches/year)6-12 feet in ten years. Sun 3
Conifer PICEA glauca ‘Caerulea’ White Spruce

Narrow-growing with short grey-blue needles. Downward-hanging cones of dark brown contrast nicely.

Large (over 12 inches/year)over 12 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA glauca ‘Canadian Weeper’ Weeping White Spruce

A very narrow, weeping form like P. glauca ‘Pendula’ selected in Nova Scotia by Greg Williams.

Intermediate (6-12 inches/year)6-12 feet in ten years. Sun 2
Conifer PICEA glauca ‘Jean’s Dilly’ Dwarf Alberta Spruce

An Alberta Spruce with unique twisted new growth and very tight habit. Protect from winter sun and wind.

Dwarf (3-6 inches/year)3-6 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA glauca ‘Ketch Harbor’ White Spruce

An upright form with short, deep blue-green needles and pendulous branches.

Intermediate (6-12 inches/year)6-12 feet in ten years. Sun 3
Conifer PICEA glauca ‘McConnall’s Gold’ White Spruce

Beautiful butter yellow new growth turns green as the season progresses. Forms a dense, upright pyramid.

Large (over 12 inches/year)over 12 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA glauca ‘Pendula’ Weeping White Spruce

This cultivar has stiffly downward hanging branches of bluish-green. Habit is very narrow.

Intermediate (6-12 inches/year)6-12 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA mariana ‘Blue Tier Drop’ Dwarf Black Spruce

A tight-growing dwarf with small blue-gray needles and an upright habit.

Dwarf (3-6 inches/year)3-6 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA mariana ‘Doumettii’ Black Spruce

A slow-growing cultivar with thin green needles giving it a texture softer than other spruces.

Intermediate (6-12 inches/year)6-12 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA mariana ‘Mont Tremblant’ Black Spruce

A vigorous, upright form with long twisting branches and blue-gray needles.

Large (over 12 inches/year)over 12 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer PICEA omorika ‘Blue Sky’ Serbian Spruce

An upright evergreen conifer with light blue needles. It will form a narrow pillar at maturity. A wonderful accent point for the landscape.

Intermediate (6-12 inches/year)6-12 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 4
Conifer PICEA omorika ‘de Ruyter’ Serbian Spruce

A slow-growing upright form with an irregular, sculptural habit and two-toned green and silver foliage.

Intermediate (6-12 inches/year)6-12 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 4
Conifer PICEA omorika ‘Frondenberg’ Miniature Serbian Spruce

This very slow-growing cultivar forms a dense flattened globe. Needles are a dark green with silver reverse.

Miniature (less than 3 inches/year)Less than 3 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 4
Conifer PICEA omorika ‘Gotelli Weeping’ Weeping Serbian Spruce

A lovely upright form with pendulous branches and two-toned green and silver foliage.

Large (over 12 inches/year)over 12 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 4
Conifer PICEA omorika ‘Kamenz’ Dwarf Serbian Spruce

A low-spreading globe that grows wider than P. o. ‘Pimoko’. Silvery reverse on the needles shows nicely.

Dwarf (3-6 inches/year)3-6 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 4
Conifer PICEA omorika ‘Nana’ Dwarf Serbian Spruce

Slow-growing, from a bun shape to a conical compact shrub about 5′. Recurved needles show bluish reverse.

Dwarf (3-6 inches/year)3-6 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 4
Conifer PICEA omorika ‘Pendula Bruns’ Weeping Serbian Spruce

A narrow-growing German selection with pendulous branches.

Large (over 12 inches/year)over 12 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 4