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Perennials

Type Botanical Name Common Name Description Height Light Req. Zone Add to My List
Perennial PLATYCODON grandiflorus ‘Florist White’ Balloon Flower

Large white bell flowers on tall stems in midsummer.

26-28 inches Sun 3
Perennial PLATYCODON grandiflorus ‘Mariesii’ Balloon Flower

Compact-growing violet-blue bells emerge from balloon-like buds in midsummer.  Lovely with coneflowers and Rudbeckias.

18-24 inches Sun 3
Perennial PODOPHYLLUM hexandrum Himalayan Mayapple

A clump-forming mayapple with pink upward-facing cup-shaped flowers in early spring, before the brown, marbled leaves are fully developed. Followed by four-inch egg-shaped seed pods.

18-20 inches Part Shade/Shade 4
Perennial PODOPHYLLUM peltatum Mayapple

Native wildflower with unique lobed leaves and red fruit in August.

18 inches Part Shade/Shade 4
Perennial PODOPHYLLUM ‘Spotty Dotty’ Asian Mayapple

Large, lobed umbrella-shaped leaves are chartreuse with bizarre chocolate spotting.  Large garnet flowers are clustered under the foliage.  Worth a try in sheltered Zone 5 gardens.  

16-18 inches Part Shade 6
Perennial POLEMONIUM boreale ‘Heavenly Habit’ Jacob's Ladder

Large blue, lightly fragrant flowers with white centers appear on upright stalks in spring. Glossy fern-like foliage forms a compact mound.

10-12 inches Sun/Part Shade 4
Perennial POLYGONATUM cryptanthum Hidden Solomon's Seal

Interesting species with a pair of small cream bells hidden under a pair of yellow-green bracts.

14-16 inches Part Shade/Shade 4
Perennial POLYGONATUM odoratum ‘Variegatum’ Variegated Solomon’s Seal

Green, edged in white, variegated foliage with reddish stems. Attractive arching habit and small dangling bells in spring.

8-10 inches Part Shade/Shade 4
Perennial POLYGONATUM humile Dwarf Solomon’s Seal

Very dwarf form spreading slowly with white flowers in late spring. Nice small scale groundcover.

6-8 inches Part Shade/Shade 4
Perennial POLYGONATUM lasianthum Solomon's Seal

Long stems of narrow leaves with pairs of dangling narrow white bells.

12-18 inches Part Shade/Shade 5
Perennial POLYGONATUM odoratum ‘Ruby Slippers’ Solomon's Seal

Stems in this cultivar are bright red and leaves have silvery undersides. Typical arching habit and white dangling bells in late spring.

20-22 inches Part Shade/Shade 4
Perennial POLYGONATUM ‘Prince Charming’ Hybrid Solomon's Seal

This hybrid between P. biflorum and P. humile is covered with small white bells on arching stems in the spring.  Forms a dense mat of blue-green foliage.

12-14 inches Part Shade 4
Perennial POLYGONATUM verticillatum Solomon's Seal

A different Solomon’s seal with narrow foliage whorled on slightly arching stems.  Small white bells dangle from the leaf axils in late spring.

1-2 feet Part Shade/Shade 5
Perennial POLYGONATUM x hybridum ‘Striatum’ Variegated Solomon’s Seal

Dark green, crinkled and glossy foliage edged and streaked with white. White tubular blooms.

14-16 inches Part Shade/Shade 5
Perennial PORTERANTHUS trifoliatus (Gillenia) Bowman’s Root

Reddish stems sport a myriad of small white flowers on wiry stems in June-July.

2-3 feet Sun/Part Shade 4
Perennial POTENTILLA atrosanquinea ‘Scarlet Starlet’ Ruby Cinquefoil

Vigorous and free flowering with bright red flowers over an extended period.  Attractive silky gray-green foliage forms a compact mound. Best in well-drained soils.

10-12 inches Sun 5
Perennial POTENTILLA fragiformis ‘Gold Sovereign’ Woolly Cinquefoil

Large felty green leaves with shiny white hairs and yellow flowers in spring. Low growing plant for rock garden or ground cover in well-drained soil.  Tolerates heat and humidity.

8-10 inches Sun 4
Perennial POTENTILLA nepalensis ‘Miss Willmott’ Nepal Cinquefoil

Cupped pink flowers with contrasting red eyes through the summer over a mound of strawberry-like foliage.

12-18 inches Sun 4
Perennial PRIMULA acaulis ‘Blue Zebra’ English Primrose

A cultivar with striking, large blue and white striped flowers with yellow eyes.  Long bloomer starting in early spring.

6-8 inches Part Shade 5
Perennial PRIMULA acaulis ‘Finish Mix’ English Primrose

A hybrid with large flowers in early spring over compact foliage.  Available in mixed colors.

6-8 inches Part Shade 5
Perennial PRIMULA auricula ‘Mixed Hybrids’ Auricula Primrose

A seed strain in a wide range of velvety colors including yellow, red and bronze with striking white or yellow centers.

6-8 inches Part Shade 4
Perennial PRIMULA chionantha Primrose

Whorls of fragrant, creamy white or purple nodding flowers in late spring over lance-shaped gray-green foliage.

10-12 inches Part Shade 5
Perennial PRIMULA denticulata Drumstick Primrose

Spherical clusters of blue, white or magenta flowers on top of smooth stalks in early spring.  One of the first primroses to bloom.

10-12 inches Part Shade 4
Perennial PRIMULA elatior ‘Jessica’ Oxlip

This seed strain in a wide range of colors blooms in early spring and is heat tolerant and easy to grow.  The foliage is  coppery brown for added interest.

10-12 inches Part Shade 4
Perennial PRIMULA japonica ‘Album’ Japanese Primrose

A white candelabrum type. that blooms in May-June.   Easy and prolific in the garden.  Will naturalize along moist stream sides.

18-24 inches Part Shade 4
Perennial PRIMULA japonica ‘Apple Blossom’ Japanese Primrose

Tiers of light pink flowers with darker eyes. May -June.

22-24 inches Part Shade 4
Perennial PRIMULA japonica ‘Miller’s Crimson’ Japanese Primrose

Candelabrum type with 7-10 tiers of crimson flowers in May-June.

22-24 inches Part Shade 4
Perennial PRIMULA japonica ‘Redfield Hybrids’ Japanese Primrose

A seed selection of candelabrum types in shades of pink and red.  May-June.

22-24 inches Part Shade 4
Perennial PRIMULA kisoana Primrose

Rounded fuzzy foliage and hot pink flowers. Stoloniferous. Withstands drier conditions than most primrose.

6-8 inches Part Shade/Shade 4
Perennial PRIMULA sieboldii ‘Lavender Lace’ Primrose

Downy rosettes topped with many-flowered scapes of lavender blooms in spring. Flower petals are notched like snowflakes.  Summer dormant.

10-12 inches Part Shade 4
Perennial PRIMULA sieboldii Mix Primrose

Downy rosettes topped with many-flowered scapes, white to deep pink flowers.  Summer dormant.

10-12 inches Part Shade 4
Perennial PRIMULA ‘Wanda Dark Pink’ Primrose

Salmon pink flowers in early spring over dark bronzy green foliage.

6-8 inches Part Shade 4
Perennial PRIMULA ‘Wanda Raspberry Red’ Primrose

This strain with flowers in shades of dark pink, raspberry red and scarlet over bronzy green foliage.

6-8 inches Part Shade 4
Perennial PRIMULA ‘Wanda Yellow’ Primrose

This strain with flowers in shades of yellow and gold over bronzy green foliage.

6-8 inches Part Shade 4
Perennial PRIMULA x bullesiana Candelabra Primrose

Cross between P. bulleyana and P. beesiana. Tiers of yellow, orange, or pink flowers.

22-24 inches Part Shade 4
Perennial PULMONARIA ‘Shrimps on the Barbie’ Lungwort

A wide-spreading cultivar from Terra Nova with large deep pink flowers in early spring.  Leaves are speckled with silver.

10-12 inches Part Shade/Shade 3
Perennial PULMONARIA ‘Silver Bouquet’ Lungwort

Heavily silvered leaves with early spring flowers of pink and blue.

10-12 inches Part Shade/Shade 3
Perennial PULMONARIA ‘Trevi Fountain’ Lungwort

Cobalt blue flowers in very early spring over silver-speckled foliage.

10-12 inches Part Shade/Shade 3
Perennial PULSATILLA (ANEMONE) vulgaris ‘Rose Bells’ Pasque Flower

One of the earliest bloomers; pink bell-shaped flowers April-May. Gray-green ferny foliage. Lovely seed heads.

10-12 inches Sun 4
Perennial PULSATILLA vulgaris ‘Rote Glocke’ Pasque Flower

Bright red bell-shaped flowers centered with contrasting yellow stamens.  Blooms in early spring. Gray ferny foliage. Lovely seed heads.

6-8 inches Sun 4
Perennial PULSATILLA vulgaris ‘Violet Bells’ Pasque Flower

One of the earliest bloomers; dark blue bell-shaped flowers Apr-May. Gray ferny foliage. Lovely seed heads.

8-10 inches Sun 4
Perennial PYCNANTHEMUM muticum Clustered Mountain Mint

Mint-scented foliage topped by silver bracts and pink flowers in summer.

2-3 feet Sun/Part Shade 4
Perennial PYCNANTHEMUM tenuifolium Slender Mountain Mint

A plant native to dry prairies and roadsides with very narrow mint-scented foliage.  Clusters of small white flowers appear mid to late summer.

2-3 feet Sun/Part Shade 4
Perennial RATIBIDA pinnata Grayhead Coneflower

A drought tolerant North American native.  Composite flowers over large, pinnate leaves have narrow cylindrical cones and long, yellow reflexed ray petals. Blooms through the summer.

3-5 feet Sun 4
Perennial RHEUM palmatum ‘Tanguticum’ Ornamental Rhubarb

Large leaves veined and reversed purple. Spikes of rosy flowers in spring. Moist sites.

5-6 feet Sun/Part Shade 4
Perennial RODGERSIA henrici ‘Cherry Blush’ Rodger’s Flower

This plant forms large clumps of dramatic, quilted foliage. Green leaves sport bronze hues in cooler spring and fall temperatures. Tall panicles of pink flowers in late spring.

30-36 inches Part Shade 4
Perennial RODGERSIA podophylla Rodger’s Flower

Large, glossy palmate leaves with jagged edges. Creamy white flowers.

22-24 inches Part Shade/Shade 4
Perennial RODGERSIA podophylla Bronze Form Rodger's Flower

New growth is dark chocolate on this cultivar.  Typical jagged-edged, palmate foliage and white flowers.

22-24 inches Part Shade/Shade 4
Perennial RODGERSIA podophylla ‘Rotlaub’ Rodger's Flower

New growth is dark chocolate and the color holds longer than other cultivars.  Typical jagged-edged, palmate foliage and white flowers.

22-24 inches Part Shade/Shade 4
Perennial ROSULARIA sempervivum ssp. glaucophyllum Rosularia

Looking just like a Sempervivum with blue-green rosettes and white to pale pink flowers.

2-4 inches Sun 5