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Conifers

Type Botanical Name Native Common Name Description Height Light Req. Zone Add to My List
Conifer PINUS schwernii ‘Wiethorst’ Schwerin Hybrid Pine

A dwarf selection from a cross between P. strobus and P. wallachiana.  Soft green needles with a silver reverse.  Forms a broad upright pyramid.

Dwarf (3-6 inches/year)3-6 feet in ten years. Full Sun/Part Shade 4
Conifer SCIADOPITYS verticillata ‘Picola’ Dwarf Japanese Umbrella Pine

Needles are glossy green and arranged in whorls. A pyramidal dwarf cultivar. Needs careful siting in Vermont.

Dwarf (3-6 inches/year)3-6 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 5
Conifer SCIADOPITYS verticillata ‘Propeller’ Japanese Umbrella Pine

A small tree with medium to dark green needle-shaped leaves. Mature cones are light brown and elongated. Growing slowly it eventually reaches a height of 30-40 feet.

Intermediate (6-12"/year)6-12 feet in 10 years Full Sun/Part Shade 5
Conifer SCIADOPITYS verticillata ‘Winter Green’ Japanese Umbrella Pine

Needles are long, dark green and arranged in whorls. This cultivar is compact with excellent winter color. Needs careful siting in Vermont.

Large (over 12 inches/year)over 12 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 5
Conifer TAXUS baccata ‘Amersfoort’ Amersfoort English Yew

A dwarf cultivar that grows very slowly to 5-8’ tall that form an attractive, slow-growing shrub over the first 10 years with stiff, outward-spreading branches and dark-green, short, oval, flattened needles that are unusual for this species.

dwarf 1-6 inches/year (1 to 5 feet in 10 years) Full Sun/Part Shade 5
Conifer TAXUS cuspidata ‘Emerald Spreader’ Spreading Yew

Low-spreading cultivar with attractive emerald green foliage.

30 inches tall by 8 feet wide Sun/Part Shade/Shade 4
Conifer TAXUS cuspidata ‘Nana Aurescens’ Dwarf Golden Yew

Low and spreading with bright golden-yellow needles. Slow-growing. Protect from winter sun and wind.

Dwarf (3-6 inches/year)3-6 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade/Shade 4
Conifer TAXUS media ‘Maureen’ Dwarf Yew

A narrow, columnar form with dark green needles.

Dwarf (3-6 inches/year)3-6 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade/Shade 4
Conifer TAXUS media ‘Taunton’ Taunton's Yew

A dwarf, spreading cultivar with dark green needles noted for their resistance to winter burn and tolerance of summer heat. Great for hedges, screens and foundation plantings.

Intermediate (6-12"/year)6-12 feet in 10 years Full Sun/Part Shade 4
Conifer THUJA occidentalis ‘Autumn Moon’ Arborvitae

A nice rounded form with bright yellow fans.

Dwarf (3-6 inches/year)3-6 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 4
Conifer THUJA occidentalis ‘Brobeck’s Tower’ Arborvitae

A narrow, columnar form with twisted fans of bright green foliage.

Intermediate (6-12 inches/year)6-12 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer THUJA occidentalis ‘Filiformis’ Thread-leaf Arborvitae

Upright form with long thread-like, pendulous branches. Amy calls this plant “Cousin It”.

Intermediate (6-12 inches/year)6-12 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer THUJA occidentalis ‘Filip’s Magic Moment’ Arborvitae

Yellow-green to gold foliage on a upright conical shrub.  A mutation from T. ‘Smaragd’.  From Proven Winners.

6-8 feet tall by 1-3 feet wide Sun/Part Shade 4
Conifer THUJA occidentalis ‘Fire Chief’ Arborvitae

The foliage is bright yellow with an orange cast. When young the plant has foliage like an Erica and is globose. Slowly grows to 9′ pyramid.                                    

Intermediate (6-12 inches/year)6-12 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer THUJA occidentalis ‘Malonyana Holub’ Dwarf Arborvitae

A dwarf form with twisted, congested foliage and irregular habit.  Bronze green in winter.

Miniature (less than 3 inches/year)Less than 3 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer THUJA occidentalis ‘Primo’ Arborvitae

A dwarf upright form from Iseli Nursery with rich green foliage in sculptural fans like a Hinoki cypress.

Dwarf (3-6 inches/year)3-6 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 4
Conifer THUJA occidentalis ‘Spiralis Mini’ Arborvitae

A slow-growing, very narrow cultivar with fans of twisted bright green foliage.

Miniature (less than 3 inches/year)Less than 3 feet in ten years. Full Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer THUJA occidentalis ‘Technito’ Arborvitae

A dense-growing, compact form of Thuja ‘Techny’ with the same bright green color retained through the winter.

Intermediate (6-12 inches/year)6-12 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer THUJA occidentalis ‘Yellow Ribbon’ Arborvitae

Narrow upright form with bright yellow foliage.

Intermediate (6-12 inches/year)6-12 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer THUJA occidentalis ‘Zmatlik’ Arborvitae

A slow-growing, narrow, columnar form with twisting foliage similar to T. ‘Degroot’s Spire’.

Intermediate (6-12 inches/year)6-12 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer THUJOPSIS dolabrata Staghorn Arborvitae

Unusual flattened sprays of emerald green foliage on a lovely conifer from northern Japan. Shelter from winter sun and wind in Vermont.

Large (over 12 inches/year)over 12 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade 5
Conifer TSUGA canadensis ‘Bacon Cristate’ Bacon Cristate Canadian Hemlock

Extremely dwarf, cristate hemlock that was found in the wild in northern New Jersey about 1925 by Ralph Bacon. Produces both ultra-dense, bright green foliage and short, dark green, twisted needles with white striations on the reverse.

dwarf 1-6 inches/year (1 to 5 feet in years) Part Shade 4
Conifer TSUGA canadensis ‘Berman’s Heli’ Bergman's Hello Canadian Hemlock

Bright lime-green new growth in spring on this rare dwarf hemlock.

dwarf 1-6 inches/year (1 to 5 feet in years) Full Sun/Part Shade 4
Conifer TSUGA canadensis ‘Betty Rose’ Betty Rose Canadian Hemlock

A dwarf, mounded, slow-growing cultivar that is noted for its white-tipped foliage that takes on a blush of light pink in spring.

Dwarf 1-6 inches/year (1 to 5 feet in years) Full Sun/Part Shade 4
Conifer TSUGA canadensis ‘Geneva’ Geneva Canadian Hemlock

Although a compact, slow-growing, small tree, it generally grows in a shrubby rounded form with deep green needles.

Dwarf 1-6 inches/year (1 to 5 feet in years) Full Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer TSUGA canadensis ‘Greenwood Lakes’ Greenwood Lake Canadian Hemlock

A miniature selection of Canadian hemlock with irregular branching and short, bright-green foliage that is especially attractive on the new growth.

Dwarf 1-6 inches/year (1 to 5 feet in years) Full Sun/Part Shade 4
Conifer TSUGA canadensis ‘Hussii’ Hussii Canadian Hemlock

A dwarf cultivar that is erect and irregular with an open appearance. It has congested dark green foliage. Cones and buds are typically small and the bark is usually brown and furrowed.

Dwarf 1-6 inches/year (1 to 5 feet in years) Full Sun/Part Shade 3
Conifer TSUGA canadensis ‘Jeddeloh’ Dwarf Hemlock

A dwarf spreader with an open center resembling a bird’s nest.

Dwarf (3-6 inches/year)3-6 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade/Shade 4
Conifer TSUGA canadensis ‘Pendula’ Weeping Hemlock

Weeping hemlock displays spreading branches and dense foliage with a delicate, lacy texture. Graceful, weeping form of Canadian hemlock with good green coloration in the foliage. Well-grown specimens do not create a leader, but will spread out horizontally.

Large-12 or more inches/year (12 or more feet in 10 years Full Sun/Part Shade 4
Conifer TSUGA canadensis ‘Sargentii’ Weeping Hemlock

Pendulous branches may be staked and trained to achieve height.

Large (over 12 inches/year)over 12 feet in ten years. Sun/Part Shade/Shade 4
Conifer TSUGA mertensiana ‘Bump’s Blue’ Mountain Hemlock

An exceptionally narrow and irregular upright selection of Mountain hemlock with short, somewhat pendulous branches and bright powder-blue needles. On the upper end of what is considered dwarf. Clay/deer tolerant.

Dwarf 1-6 inches/year (1 to 5 feet in years) Part Sun/Shade 5